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Ask HN: I want to learn a low-level, compiled language. What should I chose?
4 points by Jmoir  3 hours ago   9 comments top 5
dman 3 hours ago 0 replies      
Pick C or C++. There is a huge amount of code out there in these languages and learning one of them will open the door to you being able to benefit / learn from it.
jtchang 35 minutes ago 0 replies      
Learn C. Specifically learn pointers and memory management. Just these two concepts will give you a huge understanding of any other language.
stray 3 hours ago 0 replies      
Why not step off the beaten path and try a language that is safer than Rust, has a better concurrency story than Go, performance similar to C (but without as many ways to shoot yourself in the foot)?


kristianp 2 hours ago 0 replies      
C and Go are quite small languages. I love C for its history and low-level view of the machine. It's worthwhile learning C I think, as a way to understand part of the history of programming. However it makes it time consuming to program even simple things. Go is more productive, with maps, strings and a garbage collector.

C++ and Rust are both relatively complex. If you have aspirations to working on large native projects, then C++ might be the way, with Rust becoming more prevalent in the future.

tim333 3 hours ago 2 replies      
Depends a bit what you want out of it. C for fundamentals, Go for fast web serving, Rust for stuff that's memory safe?
Ask HN: How does D-lang compare?
9 points by hanniabu  3 hours ago   discuss
Ask HN: Do you need a degree/diploma for a TN-1 (or other work) Visa?
9 points by jlos  11 hours ago   13 comments top 7
raphtheb 10 hours ago 2 replies      
I have successfully obtained a TN-1 Visa with a mostly unrelated degree (CEGEP generic "IT" degree). It does require a fair bit of paperwork, but it is absolutely possible.

Fair warning, as i wish someone had told me exactly this when i got my own TN-1: Any given border agent has the power to repeal said visa for any reason, without oversight. If they have a bad day at the border, they may elect, at any time, to permanently repeal it.

loumf 10 hours ago 1 reply      
You can get a US programming job without a college degree, but it's easier if you have one (which you do). If you can do the job, any BA is fine for lots of places.

The main issue you'll have is resume screening -- so try to network to a job instead (or have a very compelling programming job application that makes your unrelated BA make you look well-rounded.)

There are also remote jobs in the US. Most would probably hire from Canada.

karanbhangui 9 hours ago 0 replies      
In addition to being able to qualify with equivalent work experience (usually a ratio of 3 years work : 1 year diploma), there are two occupations that don't require a degree strictly: (Scientific) Technician and Management Consultant. My advice is find a competent tech immigration attorney in SV or surrounding areas who specializes and you will have a good time. I recommend Olivia Lee at Minami Tamaki or Chris Wright in LA.
adomanico 7 hours ago 0 replies      
Yes, when I first entered the US on a TN visa I had not completed my degree yet.

I was able to obtain TN status at the time through the Sci/Tech category. It was a little bit different then the traditional Analyst category but it worked.

sajal83 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Usually work experience in related field makes up for not having a degree/diploma for these things. Not sure how many years is needed.
transitorykris 7 hours ago 0 replies      
Yes, I've seen Computer Systems Analyst with grade 12 highschool and 12 years of experience work. (Anecdotally 12 years of relevant experience = 3 years of degree work, but I've not seen that codified anywhere).
wprapido 6 hours ago 0 replies      
as for immigration, yeah it's 3 years of experience equaling 1 year of college / university, but you might need a lawyer. speaking of your unrelated degree. one of the best developers i know has a degree in orthodox christian theology. oh, yeah, US market is so much better than CA/UK/EU/AU/NZ
Ask HN: Raising money for the first time, any tips?
18 points by jorgecurio  11 hours ago   11 comments top 9
ctstover 9 hours ago 0 replies      
> 1 intermediate engineer = $65,000 CAD / year = $48,888 USD / year

The gross annual amount of an employee's base salary is very different than the cost of hiring an employee with said base salary. I know CA != US, but payroll taxes, benefits, retirement contributions, unemployment and disability insurance, etc can't be that alien of a concept. Or is it? In the US estimate 130%-160% of the salary for base employment. Or is circa 30k for an intermediate engineer normal in Vancouver? In which case what would the entry level position make?

benjismith 8 hours ago 1 reply      
I had a similar idea as you originally with my startup: build a functional MVP, launch with beta testers, recruit co-founders, raise seed capital, and then (finally) start to focus on growth.

I wasted probably six months going down blind alleys with this approach. Here are some of the lessons I learned:

1) A small group of beta testers will not give your product the time and attention you need to find product-market fit.

2) High quality collaborators, willing to devote all their spare waking hours to your vision, are extremely hard to find (and even harder to get up-to-speed). Especially on a budget. You'll probably see several promising co-founders come and go before you find a good match.

3) Even if you have a really sexy MVP and a great team, it's nearly impossible to fundraise until you can point to a handful of satisfied early customers. You might think you can raise $100k (chump change!) to fund your first six months of operations, but you're probably wrong about that.

The only thing you should be doing right now is getting your product into as many customers' hands as possible. In your post, you say you plan to "charge money and earn revenue from day 1".

Today is day 1. Go get some customers!

orasis 7 hours ago 0 replies      
Forget about raising money right now. Build shit fast. Ship ship ship ship ship ship ship.

Read "The Lean Startup":


loumf 9 hours ago 0 replies      
Does the main SaaS make money? Use that money to get your first 10 sales. Do annual deals for cash-flow.

If someone told me that they will make $1mio in sales on a $156k investment, and they wanted that investment from me (not just do it themselves), I would think it was some kind of scam.

maxxxxx 7 hours ago 0 replies      
Realistically I'd say double or triple your expense estimate. You are low-balling yourself. Everything takes much longer and costs more than you expect.
hotcool 10 hours ago 0 replies      
The salary for a marketing person is on the low side IMO. With rent prices being some of the highest in the world, can you even live in Vancouver for $35,000 CAD?
jcr 11 hours ago 0 replies      
I wish I could be of more help, but I'm the wrong person to ask. On thebright side, the right people to ask (like YC partners) often hold"Office Hours" to take and answer questions.


icedchai 6 hours ago 0 replies      
wow. around here (northeast US near Boston) you're lucky to get one decent guy for 125K.
twunde 11 hours ago 0 replies      
You should probably put some money aside for tools and marketing budget. You probably need a server somewhere and a domain name. Marketing almost certainly needs an advertising budget.
Ask HN: What tools do you use to diagram micro-service architectures?
15 points by brookesey  18 hours ago   6 comments top 5
pkorzeniewski 14 hours ago 1 reply      
I recommend https://draw.io/ - it's easy to use, doesn't require an account and you can load/save diagrams from Google Drive, OneDrive and Dropbox (or, of course, from your device). I've created a lot of diagrams with it and it "just works" :)
insert_silence 16 hours ago 0 replies      
Most of the time I'm using PlantUML [1], since it can live in the same place as the source code, moreover there is a IntelliJ Idea plugin which adds PlantUML support to the IDE [2], nevertheless I think there should be plugins available for all major IDEs.

[1] http://plantuml.com/

[2] https://plugins.jetbrains.com/plugin/?idea&id=7017

lookfwd 18 hours ago 0 replies      
=> https://gephi.org/ + log aggregation/tracing - see http://opentracing.io/ and http://zipkin.io/
MalcolmDiggs 16 hours ago 0 replies      
I like Lucidchart (http://lucidchart.com).

Does what I need, and their google-drive integration makes it easy to keep track of the diagrams and share them with folks.

wprapido 6 hours ago 0 replies      
libreoffice draw works fine for most of my charting needs. even google drawings is not that bad. draw.io is plain awesome!
Chrome made pageAction based extentions unbearable
3 points by ldong  9 hours ago   discuss
Coding Challenge
3 points by jgarb  7 hours ago   2 comments top 2
serg_chernata 7 hours ago 0 replies      
I think you're better off setting up a page on meetup.com

This is not how HN works.

gus_massa 6 hours ago 0 replies      
Do you have a webpage about the event? Does it have something unusual? Do you have some material about a previous edition?
Ask HN: What's the current state of XSS attacks?
4 points by gorpomon  7 hours ago   1 comment top
Llevel 1 hour ago 0 replies      
This post didn't gain much traction, but XSS attacks are still pretty popular and Google awards up to $7500 for XSS attacks[1]. React and Angular may help prevent XSS attacks, and while I don't know specifics, they likely do have some ingrained tools to prevent it occurring. I wouldn't be surprised if a XSS exploit could find a way around client-size sanitization though. In a perfect world, all strings coming from your server would be pre-escaped.

Rails is 'immune' in the sense that it doesn't let you directly drop HTML onto pages from strings without escaping it first, and if you would like to do so, you have to explicitly mark the string as safe[2]. This isn't to say that XSS is no longer an issue though, Rails and other frameworks help prevent these occurrences in many cases in simple applications, but larger scale applications have a lot more code and a lot more ways to punch holes in that protection. In fact using Express with with Node.js doesn't sanitize your strings by default (as far as my quick research has shown), which leaves a potential attack vector.

While XSS is a very well known vector, XSS attacks are not uncommon in non-boilerplate web applications. Fortunately sanitization is easy and bugs can often be fixed quickly.

Browsers can prevent some methods of XSS, such as by preventing loading JS from a remote untrusted source. If you find a way to drop JS directly onto a page that the browser can't catch (such as the entire JS source being delivered by the server), there's still vulnerability.

OWASP tends to be the place to go to learn about web security[3]. They have lots of examples of potential exploits.

[1] https://www.google.ca/about/appsecurity/reward-program/[2] http://stackoverflow.com/a/3932440[3] https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Cross-site_Scripting_(XSS)

Ask HN: Why did Google Buzz fail?
4 points by acidfreaks  12 hours ago   2 comments top 2
throwaway420 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Different companies are great at different things. Obviously generalizing a bit here, but...just to give an example...

...Apple makes really great hardware and good software, but would you expect them to make the best social site in the world? Maybe, if they really put their minds to it they could, but it's just not part of who they are. For instance, they have one of the world's biggest captive audiences in their suite of music software, but can't add basic 1.0 features and interactions to their repetitive attempts to make a music social network inside of iTunes. It's not even funny anymore, just really sad.

...Google is very smart at algorithms and dealing with massive scale, but would you similarly expect a bunch of smart nerds to build the best possible platform for sharing or rating stuff with your friends? What limited social success they've had with YouTube they've had to just buy, and even this they almost screwed up with their ridiculous abortion of a Google Plus integration.

It's not that these companies don't have talented people inside who are capable, just there's probably a lot of corporate momentum and interference from managers on top who dictate that things need to be done a certain way.

bobby_9x 12 hours ago 0 replies      
Because it had a very disjointed user interface and most people just didn't see the point.
Ask HN: Is the Hacker News Team Actively Developing Arc?
10 points by Kinnard  10 hours ago   5 comments top 2
dang 9 hours ago 1 reply      
Nearly all our development has been on the HN application rather than on Arc itself. Of course, in a Lisp, the line between application and language is blurred. Many of our changes have a language-like quality, but because they're implemented in macros, they haven't involved modifying Arc itself.

We did make one change to Arc proper: we added syntax for binding thread-local variables in function signatures, analogous to how optional arguments are declared. This adds a limited kind of dynamic scoping to Arc. That is useful when you have some 'top level' state (e.g. the basic parameters involved in making an HN web request: username, item id, etc.) that you'd like not to have to pass down every chain of function calls that's going to need it at some point. We originally added this as an experiment to see whether it would simplify or complicate the code. It simplified it very nicely, so we kept it. I can describe this in more detail later if anyone's interested.

Kinnard 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Ask HN: RESTful API Pagination Strategies
3 points by allcentury  10 hours ago   1 comment top
evm9 9 hours ago 0 replies      
You don't need to know of changes unless the user is on that page.

You can use websockets to broadcast/listen for changed data and updated the DOM accordingly (if you're on the web).

Ask HN: What was your biggest regret about learning programming?
9 points by acidfreaks  20 hours ago   16 comments top 9
japhyr 14 hours ago 1 reply      
I wish I had learned about testing earlier.

The idea of testing code was never covered in any of the introductory books I read. I learned the basics of C, Fortran, and Pascal while doing a physics undergrad in the 90's, then I learned Java and Python in the 00's on my own from books and websites. None of the introductory books I read introduced the concept of testing. It wasn't until I started reading programming blogs on a regular basis that I started writing tests for my code. Once I did, the quality of my code immediately improved and I felt much more confident in the code I wrote.

When I wrote an introductory Python text recently I included a chapter on the most basic aspects of testing. Beginners don't need to write tests for everything they write, but they should definitely be aware of the concept.

blooberr 1 hour ago 1 reply      
Wish I had taken better care of my eyes.
hanniabu 8 hours ago 1 reply      
Getting excited and wanting to build something with my new found knowledge. Doing this after learning a few new things really slowed down my learning. I wish I waited to learn a lot more before starting a project, it would have been more efficient, I'd know how to work smarter, and I'd have been able to make coolet projects.
sotojuan 12 hours ago 0 replies      
Still my regret because I keep doing it: losing focus and switching context too much (languages, frameworks, etc). Getting better at it though.
codeonfire 20 hours ago 3 replies      
Probably wasting so much time trying to make languages work that weren't really necessary. I spent so much time messing with C++ and performance and it was pointless because CPU's went from 4.77 Mhz to 3 Ghz. Also I probably would have just headed straight for a top CS school instead of wasting time teaching myself out in the sticks or learning 20-30 year old tech at whatever local university is nearby. Literally a lot of schools are still in the cold war era when it comes to teaching.
evm9 12 hours ago 0 replies      
My biggest regret about learning programming is that I tend to approach things in the real world from an engineering perspective, which isn't always best for a given situation.

I try to avoid it and over time I've done a better job of approaching things dynamically.

svisser 19 hours ago 0 replies      
Postponing to learn SQL.

This should be done sooner rather than later.

lastofus 6 hours ago 0 replies      
Doing too much of it and developing chronic RSI. Take breaks!
AnimalMuppet 11 hours ago 0 replies      
Being cocky because "I knew how to code", rather than having any idea about how much I didn't yet know.
Ask HN: Who's making $300k to $1m as a cloud engineer?
102 points by sgustard  14 hours ago   86 comments top 15
eranation 12 hours ago 3 replies      
I have a friend who is a cloud architect at a big-4, he is making a little more than $300k in total comp in NY (base is lower, a lot of RSUs etc), but he is more than just an engineer.

He has a friend at another big-4 in NY, also a cloud architect, he is making $400k

I think that the $1 million package is incorrectly calculated. This is perhaps the total package for 2-3 years, including signing bonus (vested over a couple of years) and RSUs (vested over a couple of years)

Annual total compensation for any big-4 Sr software engineer with a lot of experience in SF I assume is around $300k and can get up to $500k if you are really good.

I don't know of anyone who is making $1 million a year, even senior directors at big-4s. Perhaps if you are a Phd who worked at Google cloud / AWS / Azure for 5 years, wrote their software, talk at cloud conferences, wrote "Cloud computing for experts" type of books and published a seminal paper on distributed computing, then perhaps you will get a total compensation nearing that.

If you are just a cloud architect at a big-4 I think the lower part makes sense in total comp, the upper bound sounds completely ridiculous. I have friends who got offers from Amazon and Google for very, very senior cloud positions, way more than "just a cloud engineer", and the total comp is around $300-$400. If the stock goes up though, then the RSUs might be worth much more.

If LinkedIn / Facebook are offering engineers an annual $1 million I'll be very surprised.

tsycho 11 hours ago 0 replies      
People seem to be getting confused between salary and total comp.

Making 300k+ in total comp is pretty easy at the big Tech companies. Most level 5 Software Engineers make around that and there are >10 thousand of L5 SWEs at just Google; and I don't think Facebook, Microsoft etc pay any less. This might change if there is a downturn and these companies stop giving out significant annual stock refreshers since the base salary part of the 300k is only about 140-170k. But as of now, the numbers are"normal". To reach the close to 1 million level, you need to be at least a level 7, and there are very few of such.

Now salary is a different matter. A 300k+ salary is very rare, and you probably need to be a director at least to command that. As you rise up the ranks, salary goes up at a much smaller rate than the annual stock grants/bonuses.

thrway127627 13 hours ago 3 replies      
The article seems to be using "cloud engineering" to mean what I would call "data engineering" or "distributed systems engineering". If so then the numbers they're throwing around seem high but attainable. I would call myself a "data engineer" (I build ad servers, recommendation engines, etc for clients) and have been getting offers in the low 300s for full time work with about five years of experience.
cjbprime 12 hours ago 0 replies      
See Dan Luu's post about working for big corps:


He describes a boundary around $250k at "senior", and to get above it you'd need to become some kind of principal/lead.

simonebrunozzi 12 hours ago 1 reply      
It's a joke.

I can disclose that, in a recent past job as VP in a tech company, I had a very generous package which was a bit above $0.5M, all included (base, bonuses, options and RSUs) - then the stock went down (options became worth nothing, stock lost more than half its value), and the actual annual comp went down by about $70k-80k.

I am sharing this here to benefit the discussion, please do not make a big thing out of it.

I know it's a ton of money, but I'm pretty sure that most purely technical jobs don't surpass 300k-350k. 1M is simply foolish.

Furthermore, if you consider income taxes, and the cost of living in SF, the number is still high but not as nice as it seems at first.

Netflix, however, consistently pays way more than any other company in the valley - and yet, it is still an exception.

montbonnot 12 hours ago 0 replies      
Include about 100K worth of stock in that 300K package, which will vest over 4 years. So your annual salary goes down to 200K + 25K (assuming the value of the stock doesn't move at all). 225K per year is slightly above what a 5y standard SWE makes here in the Bay Area working for a big guy. Really nothing exceptional here... By the way, 225K/y after income tax would be about 140-150K net income per year. Where are these $300K? :)

Also, any key hire like a scientist/data analyst/PhD working in a big company would easily get $1 million offers from other big companies.

abofh 12 hours ago 0 replies      
It's definitely possible, but typically that sort of package will be long-term employees at IPO/buy-out with an incentive-to-stay package (You just got 4MM$ from your options, but we'd like you to stick around for a couple of years, so we'll give you another 4MM package that vests over 5 years).

You won't get that sort of offer at an illiquid startup (except as un-valuable options) - but it's certainly within the ballpark of reason for people hiring experienced engineers at highly profitable companies.

JustSomeNobody 12 hours ago 0 replies      
What the heck is a "cloud computing engineer"? Is that some made-up BS like "customer service engineer"?
erikcw 13 hours ago 0 replies      
Could the reporter be extrapolating from a couple of aquihires?
fosco 12 hours ago 1 reply      
can someone find a job posting with this type of pay scale? I am curious what skills I should develop.

at this point I do not believe this unless you are the lead architect.

for exaple this job posting I cannot see payin more than $165,000 in dc/ny/bay areas... but maybe my previous exposure to the big four has been limited... was anyone able to find a job posting that pays this much?

throwaway501101 12 hours ago 0 replies      
Total package includes base, stock, bonus. Lower end of that range is attainable for most. Upper-end is also attainable, either joining prior to the IPO and holding on to the stock afterwards, or by delivering outsize impact.
goldenkey 12 hours ago 9 replies      
This is a fucking joke guys. Programming is not the career job that will get you those kind of figures, if it does it sure as fuck will be more of a management position. Look guys, salaried work will never make you 'rich.' Believing it will is the same belief that a startup will succeed. You need to get out of the salary game and work for yourself or do consultantcy if you want big bucks
3pt14159 12 hours ago 0 replies      
I know some people at Google and Netflix that make that range. Really solid technical skills, strong communication skills, consistent productivity, and strong negotiation and you can get to $400k / year. I haven't heard of more than that outside of a couple cases (I know a couple high profile women that earn millions a year, but this is more because there aren't that many publicly visible women in the tech world) unless they're working for a hedgefund or as a sales engineer.
allard 4 hours ago 0 replies      
300k is 300000,300K is 307200,1m is 0.001,1M is 1000000

to throw around some figures too.

stormqloud 12 hours ago 2 replies      
A few people that get interviewed by a reporter do not make a trend.

I've heard of SALES ENGINEERS making that kind of money, but not technicians.

The moment a programmer is working at home remote making $300K per year, the employer will find some offshore person to do it at 10% of that price.

Reference Disney and the H1B debacle etc.

The only way somebody as a technician is making that much money is the company they work for hasn;t found a way to get rid of them yet and replace them with cheaper options.

They can find themselves out of a job very fast at that price range.

Once you do the initial setup and things are stable(documented), they will kick you to the curb and replace with $50K worker.

Ask HN: Which successful startups were rejected by YC?
156 points by mrborgen  2 days ago   59 comments top 12
ig1 2 days ago 4 replies      
Companies which have publicly disclosed that were rejected by YC and have since raised >$20m:

* Chartboost

* Sendgrid

* LightSail

I've seen it claimed that Couchbase should be on this list, but I've never seen a primary source which verifies that they were rejected from YC.

mhluongo 2 days ago 1 reply      
BlockCypher[1] has written about this. I think SnapCard did something similar, though the closest I can find is an article about the laundry service they started[2].

[1] - https://blog.blockcypher.com/what-adam-saw-that-sam-didnt-a0...

[2] - https://pando.com/2013/10/11/superhero-laundry-founders-laun...

EDIT - Citations

rajacombinator 2 days ago 1 reply      
PG offered a good proxy for this a while back. He said if you look at the top companies from other accelerators, most of them probably applied to YC also.
HeinZawHtet 2 days ago 0 replies      
helloanand 2 days ago 2 replies      
CleverTap - integrates app analytics and marketing. We were known as WizRocket back then. We now have 1500+ customers, and raised $9.6 M from Accel and Sequoia.
mcminno782 2 days ago 0 replies      
Branch Metrics

They were prepivot (Kindrid Prints) and YC didn't like their idea

mw67 2 days ago 0 replies      
brudgers 2 days ago 0 replies      
My understanding is that a meaningful fraction of YC companies and founders were rejected by YC before acceptance in a later batch.
synaesthesisx 2 days ago 0 replies      
Friends with a handful of founders that have been rejected by YC - their companies are all doing incredibly well today.
quadrature 2 days ago 2 replies      
How do you define successful ?.
mschaecher 1 day ago 0 replies      
Ask HN: What were the most promising YC startups that ultimately failed?
21 points by jrbapna  2 days ago   12 comments top 4
danielford 2 days ago 2 replies      
The most disappointing YC-backed product I tried was Stypi.

I teach community college and sometimes I wonder about the thought processes behind some of my students' papers. Paul Graham linked an essay he wrote in Stypi, where you could watch him write it in real time. This was clearly the greatest computer-assisted tool for teaching writing ever, and I immediately incorporated Stypi into one of my writing assignments. I wanted to know how much my students proofread, how they structured essays, and what they struggled with as they wrote. I was so excited about it that I wrote the entire assignment in Stypi and linked my students to the replay in case they were interested.

It was a disaster. So many students lost essays in browser crashes or were flat out unable to use the software. I ultimately had to apologize to my class, give everyone an extension, and cut Stypi out of the project.

Apparently they were acquired though, so I guess they made someone happy.

S4M 2 days ago 1 reply      
You should check HomeJoy. They were a cleaning company (they subcontracted cleaners) that went through YC, had a huge growth and raised about $40M, but went on to fail. Look for them in HN search, it has been discussed a lot.
kevin_morrill 2 days ago 1 reply      
One simple way to evaluate this would be to look at press attention.

I did a quick check using Mattermark data of which YC companies got the most news since 2013 that are not still alive. It yielded (num articles / startup):67Homejoy13Tipjoy13Buttercoin6Tutorspree

dedalus 2 days ago 0 replies      
Buxfer was a very interesting company I loved to use but strangely they didnt go as far as I thought they would
Ask HN: What features would you like to see in the next generation of DBMSs?
7 points by ajz  1 day ago   9 comments top 5
whatnotests 1 day ago 0 replies      
Having used RethinkDB[0] for a few things over the last year or so, I'm convinced that it represents "what's next" for DBMSs.

* The community is great.

* Documentation is amazing, and up to date.

* Examples actually work.

* Installation is simple. Runs on multiple platforms.

* Clustering is easy. Sharding is easy. Management is easy.

* Built for today's needs, not for what we were doing 30 years ago.

If you haven't yet taken a look at RethinkDB, do yourself a favor and spend a couple hours dinking around with it. You may just be impressed.

* [0] http://rethinkdb.com/

LarryMade2 5 hours ago 0 replies      
Some tool for data upgrading/rolling back when doing updates. We got so many nice tools for programs, its about time to have a DB that could do as such... and versioning?
kristianp 1 day ago 0 replies      
How about one that supports a fast serialisation format such as Flatbuffers [1]? In the communications protocol. Json is so 2015 ;).

[1], https://google.github.io/flatbuffers/

PaulHoule 1 day ago 1 reply      
High flexibility. I want to have just indexes to do the queries I need to do with insane speed, effective compression of all data. More of a "database construction set" than an actual database.

Oh yeah, and something that is a cross between SPARQL and SQL 1999.

nonuby 1 day ago 1 reply      
Automatic restful APIs endpoints, ideally with watch (long poll and WS) paths too.
Ask HN: Why are there so few reviews for coding bootcamps?
52 points by jmstickney  3 days ago   46 comments top 14
cenazoic 3 days ago 1 reply      
As a relatively recent bootcamp grad who hasn't written a review, here are my excuses/hypotheses for others who haven't:

a) simple laziness. A good review takes time and thought to write, and the time isn't necessarily in the writing the review, but in processing the experience after graduation. By the time you have a more balanced (ie, graduated, employed/unemployed) perspective, you've probably moved on to other things.

b) in my case, it's mostly due to general ambivalence about the experience. There were things I liked, things I thought weren't done well, and the overall effect is to cancel each other out. Ambivalence doesn't encourage taking the time (see above) to write down thoughts the way more extreme positive or negative views do.

c) also specific to me: I genuinely liked the instructors and most of my cohort, and writing anything negative seems impolite - not wanting to hurt someone's feelings or seem ungrateful. Irrational, but there ya go.

MrDrone 3 days ago 2 replies      
Having done an online boot camp I can say at least part of it is not wanting to spread negative feedback that might devalue your investment.

I imagine many people go into these programs to gain skills to get a job. If afterwards you talk about how the program failed to prepare you for that you're shooting yourself in the foot.

As to why there aren't more positive reviews - maybe it's related?

elevenfist 3 days ago 1 reply      
One reason that also explains why there aren't many reviews of universities, relative to the number of people who attend: When your career depends in part upon the esteem of your degrees or certifications, speaking negatively about the source (uni, a camp) is disincentivized.
throwaway847027 3 days ago 0 replies      
A number of employers (at least in SV) are so biased against bootcamps that the only sensible course of action is to pretend it never happened as soon as is feasible.

If you review a bootcamp, you risk a permanent association with having attended a bootcamp.

xiaoma 3 days ago 1 reply      
I wrote a fairly detailed review on my blog. http://logicmason.com/2013/hack-reactor-review-life-at-a-hac...

It lead to several sites emailing me and asking me to write a review or to link to their sites. Here is what I wrote to coursereport:

>By completely ignoring the issue of student outcomes, your resource does prospective students a disservice. How about listing average salaries, listing graduation rates, linking to yelp profiles and linking to student directories for those schools confident enough in their outcomes to share them?

I hadn't looked at any of these sites in a long time, but to the best of my knowledge, very little has changed. They offer a comparison only of the costs of the various options, not the value. The person who emailed me did seem to express some vague interest in adding that kind of information later but two years later it's still not there.

At least for me, the main reason I avoided the "bootcamp review" sites is that I didn't feel any would have given me useful guidance as a prospect (whereas Quora, Yelp and HN threads would have if they'd been around when I applied).

lsiebert 1 day ago 0 replies      
Hmm... there is probably space for a service here. Find out who applies to boot camps, interview them, find out who gets accepted to boot camps, interview them, then interview the graduates and any drop outs/people cut after the program is over. Use questions drawn from standard sociological and psychological surveys like the Grit-S Scale http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~duckwort/images/12-item%20Grit%20S...

Provide ratings and info to the general public that don't just show rates, but trends, who drops out, comparisons of success rates for different groups, etc. Provide more structured but still anonymous feedback, for a price, to bootcamps as a consultant, or get a grant from a large tech firm. Publish papers in conjunction with academia on a delay.

I think what bootcamps could do, if they were willing to, is be much more agile in changing how they work based on research then a 4 year school, and actually do research and experiments to find better ways of teaching, and improve the industry as a whole.

marktd 3 days ago 1 reply      
Many of the bootcamps are relatively young with not that many attendees per year. Back-of-the-envelope calculation: ~50 per cohort, 6 cohorts per year is 300 students per year, times 3 or so years is around a thousand total enrollees. 100 reviews is 10% of people reviewing - that seems pretty high to me.

FWIW: I did a bootcamp, loved it, never wrote a review. Just laziness/generally don't write reviews for things. I would guess many people don't write reviews for the same reason.

cpymchn 3 days ago 0 replies      
I'm a grad... and I would say part of the phenomena -- and this might sound corny but I will explain -- is how bootcamps are a personal journey.

By that I mean the entry point for most participants are all different, the expectations for most participants are all different, the experience for most participants are all different (some students work harder than others), and the outcomes are all different.

I felt there was more to learn than there was time (I did a 12 week course), so how I felt after graduating was largely a reflection of my own confidence and ability in contrast to the effort I put in and not a direct reflection of the quality of the instruction.

The Dreyfus model of skill acquisition [0] is a useful reference here. Any program that claims you will gain mastery over a discipline in a dozen weeks is lying to you. The guys that ran my bootcamp were plain about that. They said they would help me help myself learn... which they did but not to the level I really wanted to get to. And that more than anything is why I am ambivalent about recommending them.


0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dreyfus_model_of_skill_acquisi...

trowawee 3 days ago 0 replies      
I loved my bootcamp experience, am still plugged into the alumni network, am not ashamed of it (why would I be?), but I'm probably never going to write a review of it. I'm happy to talk to people about it, but I'm not going to take the time to go write a review. There's no particular pay-off for me, and besides, the program changes constantly; I mentor where I graduated and in the 1.5 years since I finished, tons of things have changed in terms of how they organize things. I'd feel like an idiot if I said, "Oh, this was a part I didn't like," and then somebody who worked there emailed me and said "Hey, that doesn't exist any more." (Which has happened, except in conversational form.)

And sure, I'll freely cop to self-interest here. Bootcamp grads get enough shit from people in tech who want to dick-measure. I'm not going to do anything to further the cause of people who already think I'm an incompetent chimp with a keyboard.

Also, like the SwitchUp person already said in this thread, there's no reliable source of data for outcomes. I can tell you how long it took to get a job and what I made fresh out of the course, but why would you believe me, especially if you're already primed, like a bunch of people here clearly are, to believe that bootcamps are bullshit and their grads are rubes desperate to cover up the fact they got bilked? Maybe I'm just a plant; maybe I get paid a combined $200k a year by DBC/GA/HR/Flatiron to fire up 100 sockpuppets and argue that bootcamps are a good investment to con people on Reddit/HR/wherever. (That actually sounds like a super fun, super immoral job. Maybe I can trick them into actually paying me to do that. OR MAYBE I AM STILL MESSING WITH YOU. ~spirit fingers~)

zindlerb 3 days ago 2 replies      
Try yelp. Hack Reactor has 150+ Yelp reviews http://www.yelp.com/biz/hack-reactor-san-francisco
skyyler 3 days ago 5 replies      
Kind of relevant: Are bootcamps worth it? I'm looking to get into programming, but I have a full time support job right now that I need to be able to live and eat. I can save my money and do a bootcamp, or I could learn how to program in my downtime. I'm not sure which route to go through.

My friend did a local bootcamp and now he's doing ASP.NET work and loves it! I'm just scared of doing that specific one because I don't really have interest in anything microsoft.

mdeggies 3 days ago 0 replies      
I believe there can be legal repercussions if you write negative reviews about some of these bootcamps.
ldn1854 3 days ago 1 reply      
I did a GA bootcamp, during which time we were all encouraged to blog about our experience on a weekly basis (and we did). I'm not sure where I'd necessarily write/post a proper review.
Joof 3 days ago 0 replies      
Theory: If you disliked it, reviewing it poorly could reduce the credibility of your education. If you liked it, you don't care enough to review it.
How do you keep your projects and networks secure?
6 points by randomnumber314  1 day ago   2 comments top 2
twunde 19 hours ago 0 replies      
At the application level make sure you're secured against the most common security problems like xss, sql injections, csrf and that you're using the recommended hashing/encryption library for your language. For testing, you can use any number of scanning services like skipfish, do manual testing using BURP suite or automate security tests with Gauntlet. More importantly is to follow basic server security. If you're running your server yourself, run done basic hardening scripts and then make sure to apply security updates when available. Honestly, this is where PAAS shines since they will do the server hardening for you.
tedmiston 1 day ago 0 replies      
Running on a PaaS always helps.

This is letter known but AWS has a pen testing service.


Ask HN: What are startups working in field of Bionics and Biomechatronics?
5 points by ak93  2 days ago   6 comments top 3
officialchicken 2 days ago 1 reply      
A lot and not enough. My guess/hope is 40% of south Florida startups? 80% of Minneapolis St. Paul startups? 33% of San Diego startups? Look around those locations and Boston.

I used to do surgical AR. The immediate-now-future is nanodevices, rDNA pharma / gene therapy, and more exotic chemistry. Hardware and software only play a supporting role and smaller role in the final clinically approved therapy. No matter your background all require organic, molecular and various biochemistry or medical skills - probably not as much mechanical engineering as you hope now that CRISPR is here.

somesaba 1 day ago 1 reply      
I was thinking about this today. Neuroprosthetics with feedback is the most exciting. The type where people can actually sense touch on the prosthetic limb...but it's probably still in the "research" phase. Any startup trying to do this may need to work with a doctor. You may also need to do surgery to access the nerves...or maybe there's a better way..

I'd love to work on something like this too!

wprapido 1 day ago 0 replies      
israeli re:walk is perhaps the biggest player in the exoskeleton field
Ask HN: I'm taking 2 weeks off work to build a prototype. Any advice?
12 points by nicwest  3 days ago   32 comments top 14
Aij7eFae 3 days ago 2 replies      
Just do yourself a favor and include one more week.

It doesn't matter what kind of project, always include one more week.

Don't be upset if you can't stick to your plan, allow yourself an extra week.

It's not your fault, that's basically software engineerings nature.

You should get out daily, for at least 1 hour.Simply because that one hour is for recharging your brain, which again leads to better performance.

Also what I try to do, when I'm doing a hackathon, is that I'm looking for templates from themeforest or wrapbootstrap.

There are also a lot of good templates for your framework, where auth/register/signup/signin/roles etc. is already done for you.

I don't like reinventing the wheel, I'd rather focus on the business logic.

seanwilson 1 day ago 0 replies      
If you're planning to make money from it, try doing a good draft of the launch page first. This helps you focus on which features are critical and which are just nice to have that aren't big selling points.

Also, don't obsess about making the code and architecture good. Get it working to prove the idea works then using what you've learned you can go back and improve it. I see so many side projects fail because many coders obsess about making code perfect over more important things. Releasing a project with imperfect code is vastly better to never releasing anything because you procrastinated trying to write perfect code in my opinion.

tixocloud 14 hours ago 0 replies      
As someone who's going through this process myself, here are some tips:

- Have a clear goal about what you're building. If you don't know where you're headed, you'll end up getting lost.

- Start the research NOW. It takes quite abit of context switching between research and dev. The sooner you get a clear view of how to build it, the better.

- Use tools, frameworks, other people's code, etc. but consider the learning consequences.

- Layout daily goals and your roadmap for all your features. Put it in your calendar

kiraken 1 day ago 0 replies      
1-Use a to-do list. This might seem like a basic thing, but not many people know how important it is. It allows you to have specific goals everyday that you work toward. Also its very satisfying to checkout a goal :)

2- Work in 25-5 bursts. What that means is that you cut yourself completely from any disturbance, which include your phone, emails, social media, family members... for 25 minutes, that you dedicate completely for work. Then take a 5min rest. Its very effective and something that i do myself.

3-Hire a frontend developer or buy a ready made theme to only focus on the backend stuff. Since UI is very important.

Good luck with your project mate!

ptasci67 3 days ago 1 reply      
I would definitely say commit your timeline to paper/tracking software etc. I do this to myself all the time where I come up with a timeline and don't stick to it. I found that by having it front of my face (like I usually do at work) it helps me stick to it and let my mind wander less.

Also, I have found that at work it is ok if you get sidetracked sometimes because your guilt or sense of responsibility to your coworkers and company will refocus you soon enough. If you are like me, then you have no such thing when working on your own thing. For that reason, I highly recommend keeping regular, well defined work hours. I would even consider one of those apps that won't let you connect to FB, etc. while you work.

As far as technology goes, you can build a solid prototype website in anything these days. Pick the language you know best and also pick a solid foundation. By that I mean do as little as necessary to make the prototype work. Don't fall into the trap of using this as an excuse to try something new (if you want to actually get it done that is). Frameworks are great for this for example.

Good luck!

seeing 1 day ago 0 replies      
Build only 1 feature, only 1 page, and make it as appealing as possible before building anything else. Measure the appeal by number of users. Spend the first day launching, however far you get.
officialchicken 3 days ago 1 reply      
For software, create a plan to build what you'd normally code... preferably, something you want. Figure out how to sell it, how long it would take to build (time === money), the business model required including marketing plan to reach profitability, and whatever else you need to launch it. Then build a 10-20 slide deck with a designer about the idea (not a prototype), learn how to present it (don't waste it coding, let others do that in the future) and start pitching at least once or twice during those 2 weeks.

In the end, I hope you'll become a successful technical CEO and great company because you've learned a lot more than an API or two.

andersthue 2 days ago 1 reply      
Scope the entire project into half days worth of work, aim at being in flow for 2-3 hours in each block. (Unless you are not used/trained in being in flow, then the pomodore technique might be better for you)

Lay out the entire 20ish blocks and post them here/email to your friends and family or to some other entrepreneurs that you do not want to dissapoint by not getting stuff done.

Every day, update the post/email with a status, did you get the blocks done and if not why not, what did you learn and what will you do differently tomorrow?

Good luck!

seivan 3 days ago 1 reply      
Be careful not to fall into the notion that you have unlimited time. Don't get obsessed with small details that take too much of your time.

You should work each day like you're going back to the office in 2 days.

cheez 3 days ago 1 reply      
Don't build a prototype, build something shitty you're going to sell.

I did that once, a long time ago, and it took me on an amazing adventure.

wprapido 3 days ago 0 replies      
perhaps the best resource on starting up a business quickly is ''the 7 day startup'' by dan norris


check out http://7daystartup.com/ as well. dan occasionally throws a 7 day startup challenge where a bunch of entrepreneurs gather online and start a business in a week

jjoe 2 days ago 1 reply      
Build a prototype and then take 2 weeks off. You need those 2 weeks to talk to prospects, see people, and launch.
hbcondo714 3 days ago 1 reply      
Allocate some days to producing wire frames & mockups before development so you know exactly what your building
Ask HN: Book Recommendations?
95 points by baccheion  2 days ago   78 comments top 56
davej 2 days ago 1 reply      
This comes up quite often, here are two helpful links:



_lpa_ 2 days ago 1 reply      
I made http://www.hnreads.com a while ago to help find book suggestions from threads on hacker news. I expanded the idea to look at subreddits related to books, at http://www.bookbot.io - the eventual plan being to unify the two. There are quite a few things I would like to add, but they will have to wait until I finish my thesis!
newjersey 2 days ago 1 reply      
I have barely finished chapter one of this 1981 book but I think it offers insight into the past for all of us who got into this field after Java was already prevalent.

> It chronicles the experiences of a computer engineering team racing to design a next-generation computer at a blistering pace under tremendous pressure.



toumhi 2 days ago 1 reply      
Self-help/personal development/philosophy:

- The obstacle is the way (Ryan Holiday)

- Meditations (Marcus Aurelius)

- Level up your life: how to unlock adventure and happiness by becoming the hero of your own story

- the six pillars of self-esteem

- so good they cant ignore you

- the power of habit

- how to fail at almost everything and still win big


- soft sell: the new art of selling

- essentialism: the disciplined pursuit of less

- the magic of thinking big

- everything is negotiable

- making things happen

- lean customer development

- what customers want

- inspired: how to create products customers love

- delivering happiness

billybofh 2 days ago 2 replies      
Not really non-fiction, but Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance is always a good read. Also if you're just interested in 'stuff', Plato's The Republic is very worth reading :



Gabriel_h 16 hours ago 0 replies      
Principles by Ray Dalio. My interpretation is that this book shows 'how to get what you want'.

That sounds so far up the chain of abstraction and generality, that its easy to dismiss the book. Dont! The book is impressive partially because it manages to distill useful truths which are applicable at such a general level.

It's written by Ray Dalio, who is undoubtedly extraordinarily intelligent and remarkably determined to self-improve. He is the founder of the hedge fund Bridgewater Associates and consequently the 69th richest person in the world in 2015.

The firm itself is noted for its unique company culture. He believes that people can only improve through feedback and that there are strong social conventions and cognitive barriers which prevent people receiving the feedback they need. At Bridgewater, every meeting is recorded and broadcasted to the company. At any level in the company, if someone is being considered for a promotion, they will be invited for a discussion. Senior executives will discuss, in front of the candidate, the merits of whether to promote them or not.

The book contains elegant, simple, yet crucially important truths. They seem obvious at first sight, but he fleshes them out in such a way that you realise you don't really act consistently with those truths, even if you perhaps trick yourself into believing that you do. Through reading the book, you can internalise some of his approaches in understanding the world.

Its a book which altered my way of thinking about the world in a profound way.

PDF link here: http://www.bwater.com/Uploads/FileManager/Principles/Bridgew...

Kenji 2 days ago 0 replies      
>Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!: An excellent book with autobiographic content about Richard Feynman, contains many funny stories and interesting insights of this brilliant man.

>J. Hromkovic: Theoretical Computer Science: An excellent introduction to complexity theory, kolmogorov complexity, automata and turing machine, language and grammar theory

>Harris & Harris: Digital Design and Computer Architecture: Introduction to electrical engineering, graudally builds your knowledge until you could implement a simple little CPU in e.g. Verilog.

irixusr 2 days ago 0 replies      
If you're about to work for the federal government. I suggest catch 22 and Kafka.

Now that I'm working with them,I realize those books aren't fiction: they're documentaries.

Balgair 2 days ago 0 replies      
The Art of Manliness has a great set of booklists. If the website's title is not obvious enough, they are all completely centered around manliness, so be forewarned. By this, they mean manliness as opposed to boyishness, not womanliness. Heres some good lists and a link to their landing page for all their book related content:




hannes2000 2 days ago 0 replies      
You can also check out Blinkist - they summarize business/finance/self help books to 10-15 short key insights. It's pretty cool (Disclaimer: I worked for them, but actually mean it): http://blinkist.com
criddell 2 days ago 0 replies      
In this election season, if you are left leaning and would like to understand just what it is that's underlying the politics of the right (or vice versa), I recommend Jonathan Haidt's The Righteous Mind.


Prior to reading this, my politics aligned very closely with those of Sanders and I thought everybody on the right were selfish, evil, close-minded fools. After reading the book, my politics are still left of center (but definitely right of Sanders), but I think I understand and appreciate the politics of my right leaning family and friends.

my5thaccount 2 days ago 0 replies      
Zero to One by Peter Thiel

The Hard Thing about Hard Things by Ben Horowitz

Strategy Rules - Five Timeless Lessons from Bill Gates, Andy Grove, and Steve Jobs by David B. Yoffie, Michael A. Cusumano

These are all timely books and recently written.

calebm 2 days ago 0 replies      
The Picture of Dorian Gray (by Oscar Wilde) is just so beautifully written. It was Oscar Wilde's only novel (he only needed one). It also has the absolute best preface of any book I've read: https://www.gutenberg.org/files/174/174-h/174-h.htm#chap00
ivan_ah 2 days ago 0 replies      
In a flagrant act of self-promotion, I'll recommend my own book on math and physics: No bullshit guide to math and physics. What is remarkable about it is the interlinked explanations of mechanics and calculus, so you get a picture of why it all works. Great review if you ever wanted to learn these topics. Comes with a review of high school math too, in case you need it.

https://minireference.com/ 4.5 stars on amazon http://www.amazon.com/No-bullshit-guide-math-physics/product... If you're getting a print version, I recommend the version through lulu.com, since the print quality is better.

_asummers 2 days ago 0 replies      
I've been reading Boxes - How The Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger by Marc Levison lately. It's pretty interesting and enjoyable.


trost 1 day ago 0 replies      
I'm reading James Altucher's Choose Yourself Guide To Wealth right now and I really like it, although it's quite verbosely written (I'm about halfway through). This book is about business and monetizing ideas. I haven't read Choose Yourself, which is more of a self-help book, I think.
Ping_2_Ur_Pong 2 days ago 0 replies      
Below list are some of my favorite books overall that I didn't see mentioned.

---Non-software related

How to win friends and influence people -Dale Carnegie (The definitive guide to helping you work better with people, truly great book, should be required reading)

Blink- Malcolm Gladwell

Godel Escher, Bach - (Recursion, but not from a software perspective. Its a glorious book that will change the way you think about recursion.)

Hitch Hiker's guide to the galaxy, - Douglas Adams (Glorious book that is a fun read, when you need a break pick this up and laugh hard)

Foundation Series - Assimov (Great stories from one of the best sci-fi writers ever)

-------------------Software relatedCode CompleteConcrete MathematicsThe Art of Computer ProgrammingThe Design of the Unix Operating SystemIntroduction to Algorithms -CormenDesign Patterns Elements of Resusable OO Design -Gang of Four

uxp100 2 days ago 0 replies      
I'm not sure this is the "best stuff," but I'm currently reading From Counterculture to Cyberculture, and moderately enjoying it.

It's about Stewart Brand, but really more about the scenes he was involved in, it's not a biography. Covers the Whole Earth Catalog and the WELL, but also talks about the influence of systems theory and Bucky Fuller, and clarified, for me at least, the difference between the New Communalists and the New Left, which were somewhat conflated in my mind. It also puts Stewart Brand as a character, if not an essential one, at some key events. The mother of all demos and the founding of the Homebrew Computer Club are what I'm referring to here.

jakegarelick 2 days ago 0 replies      
My recent favorites: Jobs, The Hard Thing About Hard Things, High Output Management, Innovator's Dilemma, Lean Startup, On The Shortness Of Life, How Google Works, Zero To One, Life Changing Magic of Tidying Up, Power of Habit, Things Fall Apart, Stoner
a3n 2 days ago 0 replies      
Working: People Talk About What They Do All Day and How They Feel About What They Do https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Working:_People_Talk_About_Wha...

Gig: Americans Talk About Their Jobs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bowe_%28author%29#Gig:_Am...

twunde 2 days ago 1 reply      
The Goal.

If you're interested in project management, Making Things Happen is good.

I've just started High Output Management and so far it seems good. Of course there are always the classics like Good to Great, What Color Is Your Parachute, etc

mbrd 2 days ago 1 reply      
If you haven't already read it, "Getting Things Done" by David Allen is one of the best known productivity books.

Some people I have spoken to say his method isn't for them but I've found it useful, even if I haven't implemented everything he suggests.

I'd also recommend "Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software" by Charles Petzold. It starts at simple circuits and builds up a picture of how computers work. It has really helped me get my mental models of what's going on inside a computer straightened out!

tetraodonpuffer 2 days ago 0 replies      
some recommendations on mixed topics from my recent non-fiction reads, I enjoyed all of them for different reasons (the song machine book even got me to listen to music I would never have thought I'd enjoy, but can't argue Max Martin knows how to write a catchy song!)

When breath becomes airhttp://smile.amazon.com/When-Breath-Becomes-Paul-Kalanithi/d...

Do no harm, Stories of Life, Death, and Brain Surgeryhttp://smile.amazon.com/Do-No-Harm-Stories-Surgery/dp/125006...

The Song Machine: Inside the Hit Factoryhttp://smile.amazon.com/Song-Machine-Inside-Hit-Factory/dp/0...

Why we workhttp://smile.amazon.com/Why-We-Work-TED-Books/dp/1476784868/

Enlightenment 2.0http://smile.amazon.com/Enlightenment-2-0-Restoring-politics...

chris_st 2 days ago 0 replies      
I highly recommend "The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography" by Simon Singh. Really readable history of cryptography, without much math.
kelukelugames 2 days ago 0 replies      
I started reading Henry Kissinger's On China. I'm currently on the Cold War chapters. USSR and China actually had a very tense relationship and Mao often played Soviets off against the Americans.

One reason I wanted to read the book is Kissinger and Nixon are responsible for establishing relationships with China. My parents generation were able to come to the US because of them. Many older Chinese immigrants have positive opinions of the two, despite them being amongst America's least favorite politicians.

nathell 2 days ago 1 reply      
Just finished "Love's Executioner" and "Creatures of a Day," both by Irvin Yalom. A deeply touching glimpse into the world of psychotherapy. Highly recommended.
euroclydon 2 days ago 0 replies      
Robert Caro's The Power Broker about Robert Moses, the most powerful unelected government official in U.S. history.

Caro, a Pulitzer winning journalist, is a wiz at writing, so you'll enjoy each page. But more importantly, even though Robert Moses was a bad buy, you don't have to be bad to learn to get what you want, in an organization, by ignoring superficial power structures, and focusing on the real ones.

Plus you'll learn a ton about how NYC was built out in the depression.

shpx 2 days ago 0 replies      
The Design of Everyday Things. Probably the quintessential book on design, the basic premise is that if you can't figure out how a thing works, it's not your fault.

Structures: Or Why Things Don't Fall Down. About the engineering of various things, mostly buildings. Highly recommend.

The Elements of Computer Systems (better known as NAND to Tetris). Describes a computer from the bottom up.

A History of the Arab Peoples

The Quran

The Bible

Space and Time in General Relativity by David Mermin

Feynman QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter

jseliger 2 days ago 0 replies      
Jonathan Haidt, The Righteous Mind: http://jakeseliger.com/2012/03/25/jonathan-haidts-the-righte...

This is a novel, but Carlos Ruiz Zafon's The Shadow of the Wind is fantastic.

arc_of_descent 2 days ago 0 replies      
I'm currently reading - Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution by Neil deGrasse Tyson, so I immediately recommend it.
max_ 2 days ago 1 reply      
I recommend Dan Drown's first book, Digital Fortress: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Fortress the book is filled with Cryptography, Quantum computing, NSA, Assasins....... Was perfect for me and will be for any other hacker!! :D
fratlas 2 days ago 0 replies      
Recently read and thoroughly enjoyed "Elon Musk"; good insight into both starting unicorns and how much of a genius Elon is.
brikis98 2 days ago 0 replies      
If you're into startups & programming (this is HN, right?), here's my list of recommended reading: http://www.hello-startup.net/resources/recommended-reading/
talkingtab 2 days ago 0 replies      
John Holland, "Hidden Order". Really. What is money? A message bus in a complex adaptive system. Lots of other stuff out there on complexity but this has a unique perspective. If you really want to go crazy find "Signs of Life, How complexity pervades biology" after you read "Hidden Order"
knewuser 2 days ago 0 replies      
Florian Cramer - Anti-Media: Ephemera on Speculative Arts


latishsehgal 2 days ago 0 replies      
My top 4 recommendations (full list and notes at http://www.dotnetsurfers.com/books/)The Power of Habit,Search Inside Yourself,The Willpower Instinct,Zero to One
peterkelly 2 days ago 1 reply      
I'd recommend being a bit more specific about the things you're after. But here's two of my favourites (one technical, one business):

"Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software", by Charles Petzold

"Rework", by Jason Fried and David Heinemeier Hansson

jgrodziski 2 days ago 0 replies      
I've compiled and organised resources, including books, about computing on : http://www.learn-computing-directory.orgAlso feel free to contribute!
climber_mac 2 days ago 1 reply      
Creativity Inc., by Ed Catmull (co-founder of Pixar). A book on the structure and processes used at Pixar to sustain the creative process - It's one of the best books I've read on business/management and personal development.

Ed is an incredible human being! Go read it!

te_chris 2 days ago 0 replies      
motxilo 2 days ago 0 replies      
"Turn the Ship Around!: A True Story of Turning Followers into Leaders". I am reading it now, very entertaining and you'll learn thing about management styles.
antonislav 2 days ago 0 replies      
Derek Sivers has compiled a list of books in your preferred field of interest. I find it quite helpful.


goc 2 days ago 1 reply      
I am reading CTM by Van Roy/Haridi and watching Van Roy's edx vids. Very nice explanations that require a lot of filling in the holes.

If someone else is familiar with Oz/Van Roy stuff, I have a question.

arc_of_descent 2 days ago 0 replies      
I would also recommend the science fiction megapacks. I read a lot (especially sci-fi) and it makes me feel guily at times. :)

So if I need a quick scifi buzz, I pick a random story from the megapack.

ThrustVectoring 2 days ago 0 replies      
Impro by Keith Johnstone

The Inner Game of Tennis

A Guide to Better Movement: The Science and Practice of Moving with More Skill and Less Pain

Punished by Rewards

Microeconomics: Behavior, Institutions, and Evolution by Bowles

elevensies 2 days ago 0 replies      
Some highlights from the last couple months of my reading, nonfiction:

Softwar (Larry Ellison), Matthew Symonds

A Perfect Red, Amy Butler Greenfield

Assault on Lake Casitas, Brad Alan Lewis

and fiction:

This Census-Taker, China Mieville

Whatever, Michel Houellebecq

scottyab 2 days ago 0 replies      
Remote: Office Not Required - https://37signals.com/remote
swatkat 2 days ago 0 replies      
I Am That, by Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj

Freedom from the Known, by Jiddu Krishnamurti

Think on These Things, by Jiddu Krishnamurti

The Bhagavad Gita

The Grand Design, by Stephen Hawking

rhizome31 2 days ago 0 replies      
On Western Terrorism by Chomsky and Vltchek. A lucid and refreshing take on global geopolitics.
un_montagnard 2 days ago 0 replies      
Domain Driven Design by Eric Evans.
kmonad 2 days ago 0 replies      
noblethrasher 2 days ago 0 replies      
Amusing Ourselves to Death by Neil Postman.
dontscale 2 days ago 0 replies      
Do a google search for Charlie munger reading list and you'll uncover gems like Influenc, guns germs and steel, poor Charlie's almanac
fsiefken 2 days ago 0 replies      
That's a very broad question, so I read your comments to get a feel from where you might be coming from and/or going to and where you and I might overlap:

* Nassim Nicholas Taleb. Antifragile, things that gain from disorder http://www.amazon.com/Antifragile-Things-That-Disorder-Incer...

* Jared Diamond. The World until yesterday, what can we learn from traditional societies http://www.amazon.com/World-Until-Yesterday-Traditional-Soci...

* Frans de Waal. The Bonobo and the Atheist: In Search of Humanism Among the Primates http://www.amazon.com/Bonobo-Atheist-Search-Humanism-Primate...

* John Higgs. The KLF: Chaos, Magic... http://www.amazon.com/KLF-Chaos-Magic-Music-Money-ebook/dp/B...

* Joseph Jaworski. Synchronicity, the inner Path of leadership http://www.amazon.com/Synchronicity-The-Inner-Path-Leadershi...

* Piero Ferrucci. Your Inner Will, finding personal strength in critical times http://www.amazon.com/Your-Inner-Will-Personal-Strength/dp/0...

* William Irvine. A Guide to the good life, the ancient art of stoic joy http://www.amazon.com/Guide-Good-Life-Ancient-Stoic/dp/01953...

* Chogyam Trungpa. Shambhala: The Sacred Path of the Warrior http://www.amazon.com/Shambhala-Sacred-Warrior-Chogyam-Trung...

* Tomas Malik. Patience with God: The Story of Zacchaeus Continuing In Us http://www.amazon.com/Patience-God-Story-Zacchaeus-Continuin...

* Nick Winter. The Motivation Hacker http://www.amazon.com/Motivation-Hacker-Nick-Winter/dp/09892...

* Chas Emerick, Brian Carper, Christophe Grad. Clojure Programming http://www.amazon.com/Clojure-Programming-Chas-Emerick/dp/14...


* Peter Hamilton - The Reality Dysfunction

* Neal Stephenson - Cryptonomicon (his other hit: Snow Crash is surprisingly more history then SF now...)

Ask HN: How often do you commit / push in Git?
17 points by obfuscatedgeek  3 days ago   32 comments top 25
jtfairbank 3 days ago 0 replies      
I'll commit for small, incremental changes. Each commit is a semantic change to me- could be a small change applied in the same way across multiple files, or a larger change in a single file that does one thing.

I tend to push at the first opportunity it makes sense for other people to see my code, and then push again whenever I make enough incremental progress towards the feature to share. Our team has a culture of opening "in progress" PRs early and often to get feedback before we are too far along. This is great to share ideas and feedback about how things should work (instead of just about how they do based on implementation). It also helps keep the final code review size / time down.

seren 3 days ago 0 replies      
You need at least an atomic change, i.e compiling/testing/deploying at that point makes sense.

If you just updated a typo in some comments, it could make sense to commit it and it could take 30 seconds.

Now if you are always committing as frequently, either you are working on very easy tasks with no dependencies, either there is an issue.

bjourne 23 hours ago 0 replies      
> and hired an external consultant to get in order.

Recipe for disaster. :p

> knew people who pushed / committed like every 30 seconds

Pushing and committing is completely different actions in the git world.

If it's a simple fix then I try to commit and push almost instantly. If it is a large piece of work that needs several days, then I "checkpoint" it by committing at least once/day.

But I try to never checkpoint by committing something that breaks the build or unit tests. Like if my work is rewriting module A to B, then my first commit would be to add module B, second to change all dependencies from A to B and lastly to delete module A from the repo.

lsiebert 1 day ago 0 replies      
Only once so far: https://github.com/git/git/commit/75d2e5a7b038debee406805c9e... is my git commit ;-)

But seriously, I commit regularly, and rebase locally before pushing, whenever possible.

It's not really about how often you commit, it's about documenting that commit as a single unit of work so looking at it it's clear what you did, and why. This often requires planning ahead of time, and even possibly creating a separate branch just for off topic commits that you think of while working on the same file.

I'm not perfect though, it's okay not to be perfect.

victorbello 3 days ago 2 replies      
I use feature branched for everything, usually named after an issue number. I created a script that allows me to commit whenever I get a task done, not the whole feature, and that script takes care of adding the files, committing them with a message, tags it with the issue number (current branch name), and pushes to remote. That way, every time I save, the changes are saved on the remote GIT repo in case my computer dies or something.

Here's the code in case you wanted to use it:



 if git diff --exit-code --quiet then echo "There are no changes to save, NONE!"; else echo "Stage everything for commit -------------"; addit; # an alias for "git add -A ." echo "Commit all changes with message $@ --------------"; commit "$@"; #commit is an alias for "git commit -m" echo "Push branch to remote --------------" psh; # an alias for git push origin $(git branch | grep "*" | sed "s/* //") fi

Use it like this: savework "COMMIT MESSAGE HERE"

cyphar 3 days ago 0 replies      
I usually commit whenever I've done one thing that builds and is the smallest amount of change that is still a self-contained change. For example, changes to package scripts, the code and test cases all live as separate commits. The most important thing to do is to make sure no commit breaks the build and that the commits are small enough that someone can follow what they are doing when they're bisecting in the future.
cauterized 2 days ago 0 replies      
I commit every time I complete an atomic unit of work. Write a 3-line test and a 3-line method that passes it? Commit.

Working on something that will take a week to be atomically complete and testable? (For instance, a major refactoring.) I'll write myself a checklist of steps and commit every time I complete a step.

As someone else said, once every 30 sec is too often, and once a day is too infrequent if you're coding 8 hours a day. When I'm in a rhythm I'll typically go anywhere from 10 min to 2 hours between non-trivial (e.g. typo-fix) commits.

I do not push every commit immediately. Once a day is a good minimum as a backup strategy and if you want to make sure you can work on the codebase from elsewhere or if you have a CI system to warn you of merge conflicts.

I'll also push whenever I complete a ticket (for long-running branches we typically have sub-tickets, or I'll push when I've completed work that someone I'm sharing the branch with can build on.) Git makes it easy to develop those units of work on separate branches, and when you merge them back to the feature branch is generally a good time to push.

tedmiston 1 day ago 0 replies      
I find it varies with the work being done vs. relating to a discrete time duration.

In general, I try to be very atomic. As an added benefit, this makes it simpler for someone doing a git bisect later.

Fixing minor typos or copy changes across a few files could result in several commits within 15 minutes.

Working on a major feature that requires research and definition and a lot of conversation or feedback, might mean a few commits over the span of a few days.

denniskubes 3 days ago 0 replies      
We use a fork model where each developer has their own fork of the "main" repository and the developer fork is cloned to the local dev machine.

Using this model I do work in progress commits as needed for different features using many different branches. Those wips and committed locally and are pushed to the remote fork many times per day for backup. For example I can do a quick push before going to lunch or meeting. I can also fetch, rebase, squash, and force push commits as desired because the only history I am affecting is on my own fork. The final merge to the "main" repository is usually 1-2 commits squashed from all the wip commits. Once that is merged I, since I am usually working on a feature branch, I can delete that branch locally and in the remote fork.

Every 30 seconds seems like a bit much, but it wouldn't be unreasonable to say I commit and push 10x a day.

BWStearns 3 days ago 0 replies      
Depends. If it's just the beginning of a project or a side project where I'm definitely the only person working on it then I generally just use it as a backup system. If it's a more substantial project then I try to remember to commit and branch off before embarking on new feature additions, major refactors, or really anything where several hours in you could find yourself cursing and deciding that particular adventure was ill advised or is currently not worth it.

I'm not sure there's a generalizable pattern there for which has a lower actual time interval between commit/pushes but I suspect that I tend to be spammier with them in personal projects.

TheOtherHobbes 3 days ago 0 replies      
Incrementally, every time I make a small but significant change. I treat it like a super-save, so I can get that latest slice of work back if the disk on my dev machine dies. (The dev machine is currently a Linode.)

30 seconds is too often. Once a day isn't often enough.

masukomi 3 days ago 0 replies      
> I'll commit for small, incremental changes. Each commit is a semantic change to me- could be a small change applied in the same way across multiple files, or a larger change in a single file that does one thing. - jtfairbank

I agree with that but i'd add that i'll also commit at any stopping point. Need to leave for work? Commit. Need to go home ? commit. Doesn't matter how broken the code is at that point. I'll rebase the ugly commit away. Usually the ugly commit will have a message like "INTERIM COMMIT - REBASE ME"

I'll also happily push these ugly commits to a topic branch on a remote machine for backup purposes as long as I know that no-one else is working on that branch.

Raed667 3 days ago 0 replies      
I commit when I add a feature, fix a bug, anything that "feels" like an incremental step. I try to commit as much as possible so I can revert without losing much work.

I push whenever I'm about to shutdown the laptop or by the end of they day.

tokenrove 3 days ago 1 reply      
When developing something new, I make tons of tiny work-in-progress commits, sometimes dozens in a day, and frequently go back and squash them with rebase into a logical flow of changes, once it's more clear what that logical flow really is. I keep my WIP branches around locally for a while so I can go back and dig out the experiments I made along the way.

I prefer this over trying to get every commit right the first time. I also feel there's a nice change of pace in the process of stepping back, looking over the previous work, and shaping it into something that communicates the ideas well to reviewers.

mycroft-holmes 3 days ago 0 replies      
Let's be honest, that consultant has never pushed a line of code in their life.

You're probably committing and pushing at acceptable times. Screw the consultant.

MalcolmDiggs 3 days ago 2 replies      
I use Scrum and I usually commit about once an hour. More if I'm just bug-fixing or correcting typos or adding comments.

Committing every 30 seconds seems like it would knock me out of my flow so often that I wouldn't get anything done.

That being said, if I'm working in the same files as someone else, I'll commit every few minutes (and so will they) so that the amount of conflicts we're creating don't get out of hand.

Grue3 3 days ago 0 replies      
Commit amend for small changes.

New commit for new logical "part" of feature.

Rebase interactive when feature is "done" (in some way) to fix commit messages and squash some extraneous commits.

Push (as a branch in forked repo).

Sometimes I push before the feature is complete for backup/accountability purposes, but then I rebase anyway and push force the thing once it's done.

quintes 2 days ago 0 replies      
check in when it makes sense. In a feature branch? whenever you like as long as it's building often. In a dev branch directly? often enough so change gets into test regularly but not so often that your small change sets break the build our functionality other devs may also be working.

push and push regularly, in case you have merge conflicts. Get the continuous integration server building on commits and please have it email the team when the build fails too.

doque 3 days ago 0 replies      
I commit everything that I want to be able to recover/share. If it's necessary to share (e.g. open a pull request), or if I want to have a distributed backup of my work, I'll push.
Diti 3 days ago 0 replies      
I commit all the time, even for minor changes and uncompilable code. But I do this on a WIP branch, which I rebase onto my main branch at the end of the day.
Redoubts 3 days ago 0 replies      
To my private branch? As often as I feel I need to feel safe about backing up the changes I made.

How often do you press "Save Game" during a new level?

rabee3 3 days ago 0 replies      
I commit my changes as little checkpoints of the progress of my work, once a feature or a bug is done locally, I push it for people to review.
rahulgr8888 3 days ago 0 replies      
I definitely commit at the end of the day. you should have everything you did in a day on some backup other than your dev environment
masters3d 3 days ago 0 replies      
Scrum is not about the how, as long as your are getting your stories done. Something seems off.
CiPHPerCoder 3 days ago 0 replies      
Approximately once or twice per hour.
Ask HN: How do they write test coverage for driverless cars?
9 points by tomcam  4 days ago   8 comments top 4
waterlesscloud 4 days ago 1 reply      
They use all the data they collect from the real world to run endless simulations. There was something about this in the January 2016 status report from Google.

"All together, we drive more than 3 million miles in simulation every day."


debacle 4 days ago 1 reply      
I would guess that there are three major components to the cars - the data collection (sensors, cameras, GPS, etc), the driving mechanism (throttle, brakes, wheel), and the logic unit ("should I accelerate into this minivan?")

I would assume they run the logic unit through simulations independently of the other systems in many instances.

BraveNewCurency 3 days ago 0 replies      
Hire someone with lots of experience writing drivers!
ljk 4 days ago 1 reply      
probably some sort of simulation?
Ask HN: Idea for a Developer Exchange would you use it?
10 points by cdnsteve  3 days ago   7 comments top 7
vonklaus 2 hours ago 0 replies      
i actually have been doing this a bit. I asked on hacker news and someone else I found online. Told them I would help them/lend them my core skillset for theirs.

I think it would make sense as a community, it does e.g. HN, or maybe an accelerator type thing where you get a few gurus together IRL and help/hack on eachothers projects so that in reality like 5 companies all helpn eachother, but directly. not advice, or not just, but code, legal design, hardware marketing etc. everyone buys in with skill instead of money.

i think helping and learning from people is strong and getting help outside core.

phantom_oracle 3 days ago 0 replies      
It sounds like a decent idea, but the tech giants are so broadly vested that they are competing with each other in something.

I think you have to get this right in Silicon Valley for it to work everywhere else.

Unlike some simple SaaS that you can build while living in Thailand, this has to appeal to THE place where such ideas can work, before it can spread everywhere else.

quintes 2 days ago 0 replies      
This is how I make money sometimes... resource hire or consult gigs and help out with new tech, automation, delivery/process or do/fix things the development team can't do. So I would like to continue being paid, and the company has the confidence knowing I'm delivering what they're paying for. Any other way is just not something I'd do.

What I will do and currently do is keep in contact with guys from old companies and they are welcome to flick me a mail and I'll reply with some guidance as far as is practical

MalcolmDiggs 3 days ago 0 replies      
I like the idea. I've heard of programs like this within very-large companies (team X will send some devs to team Y to evangelize a new technology and visa versa), but I've never thought of it happening between companies.

I think it's worth a shot. I think a lot of devs and companies might be uncomfortable with the idea at first, but that's what early-adopters/trailblazers are for (to show everyone the way, and prove that the concept works).

brianwawok 3 days ago 0 replies      
My concern is what are the odds of this working out.

Your company wants to use spark. And you literally have no-one in the company who has ever used spark or wants to read a book on spark.

And there is a company that knows spark, and happens to need a skill you know. And no one in this second company knows it, nor does anyone in the second company want to read a book or learn about it.

tmaly 3 days ago 0 replies      
I know for a fact my company would not use this method. All of our programmers are too busy.

something online might work better.

Quit my job to start a mobile game studio and just released our first game
29 points by aust_in_space  4 days ago   15 comments top 7
tostitos1979 4 days ago 1 reply      
The game looks really cute. Will take it for a spin on the weekend (wife has an iphone while I get stuck with Android). I assume you used SpriteKit? Did you do the graphics yourself or hire someone? They look simple but very professional!

Also .. where are you based (trying to judge cost of living of areas vs mine)?

partisan 4 days ago 1 reply      
Looks cute. It's nice to see someone following their dream.

Clickable: https://itunes.apple.com/app/id1082793702

victorbello 4 days ago 1 reply      
It looks like a fun game!

Congratulations on following your dream, I wish I had the same opportunity.

I'll give it a try and tell you more later.

joshschreuder 3 days ago 0 replies      
Cool game! Reminds me a bit of Icy Tower :)

One piece of feedback - I get a popup to login to Game Center every time I open the app. If I don't want to login, it would be nice if you stopped bugging me about it.

Apart from that, well done on shipping!

frou_dh 3 days ago 0 replies      
Great artwork and colour scheme. The title screen looks dynamite. Gameplay is fun and has good feel.

One thing: I wouldn't place the bar that counts down a powerup's effect at the top-left beside the score. It's way too small and is pretty much outside my field of view while I'm carefully placing bumpers in the lower portion of the screen.

nvusuvu 4 days ago 0 replies      
Fun. I'll let my kids have a go and get their feedback.
Rainymood 3 days ago 2 replies      
No offense but I feel this shouldnt be on HN.

This is plainly some thinly veiled advertising. This belongs on Reddit imho (it also has a way larger userbase).

Ask HN: Which payments processors to use for recurring subscriptions in India?
10 points by superasn  3 days ago   7 comments top 3
erbdex 18 hours ago 0 replies      

 @vijayshekhar Mar 4 "@ConversionChamp @vijayanands @RajanAnandan @dkhare we offer recurring on CC too!"
Paytm now supports recurring payments on wallets.https://twitter.com/vijayanands/status/705993389620092928

ereckers 3 days ago 1 reply      
About 3 years ago I was researching the same thing. There wasn't a lot of options then, and I still don't think there's a lot of options now.

Wrote a blog post to document what I found: http://www.redbridgenet.com/indian-payment-gateways-no-recur....

There's some links in there to discussions of the same. The Quora discussion is starting to fill up with what I think is spam for services that don't exactly solve the problem, but it might be worth checking out.

gprasanth 3 days ago 1 reply      
Mobile App Economics in 2016 Not Looking So Hot
15 points by rackforms  3 days ago   3 comments top 3
10dpd 18 hours ago 0 replies      
It sounds like your discussing your demand curve - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demand_curve
dang 3 days ago 0 replies      
Posts without URLs get penalized, so you should submit the article and then add your text as a first comment in the thread.

Edit: actually it looks like the story was submitted at https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=11222681. Posting your text as a comment there would be a good idea.

dotnetkow 2 days ago 0 replies      
Here here! I do the same for my line of fitness apps. $3.99 at the moment. The only way for consumers to begin to understand that the software they use everyday costs real money to build and maintain is for us to charge for it. I'll be experimenting with higher prices later this year. Cheers!
Ask HN: Why don't you blog?
19 points by seeing  11 hours ago   41 comments top 24
brianm 10 hours ago 0 replies      
In 2003 blogging was a conversation -- you'd post and folks would post in response. You'd get a real discussion around ideas.

In 2016 blogging is just screaming (or whispering) into the void. If there is a conversation around the post, it will be in short comments on aggregator sites (such as this one).

afarrell 10 hours ago 1 reply      
Because to write takes as much time and effort thinking through the structure of things as programming does, but the compiler is much more poorly specified.

Really though, I need to get together some folks who can do usability tests on my writing. (If, uh, anyone is interested and wants to learn about server configuration, please tell me what you think of https://saltstack-from-scratch/

marssaxman 9 hours ago 3 replies      
I used to, starting maybe 15-16 years ago, and I kept it up for a good long while, but I don't get much out of it anymore. A bunch of people decided, for reasons which never made any sense to me, that blogs and blogging somehow ought to be a mechanism for making money, and in their rabid enthusiasm for commerce managed to suck all the life out of the medium. I no longer feel like writing blog posts is an act of participation in a community, because there is no community anymore, so far as I can see.

The web itself seems to be pretty much over, as far as you can consider it to be a community medium, and the death of blogging is just the most visible aspect of that. I still post on my blog from time to time, but it's basically just out of habit, or because I think I might want to find some interesting link again later.

noir_lord 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Time mostly with a side order of I'm not sure I have anything to say that anyone would want to read.

The only area's I have any in depth knowledge are already well covered by others.

jseliger 9 hours ago 0 replies      
I do: http://www.jakeseliger.com. But I can tell you why most people don't: Writing interesting content with any kind of consistency takes a lot of time, energy, and effort, and it's poorly remunerative in the short term. For many people it's poorly remunerative in any term.
DanBC 10 hours ago 2 replies      
I need something between twitter and medium. Short, but not that short, with connections to people who might be interested (ie, not the people on Medium).
ichiragmandot 8 hours ago 0 replies      
I have a lot of ideas in my evernotes, but I am procrastinating on building my webpage. I want to be perfect, which ofcourse will require time and I am too lazy to invest that much time.so basically cos I am lazy and just trying to convince myself with false reasons
amerkhalid 5 hours ago 0 replies      
Right now, I don't blog much because I tried to make money off blogging and failed.

I used to blog on & off since early 2000s. It was mostly about my daily life, interests, and photos. It was a lot of fun and many friends read it.

Then I added ads and affiliate links. I hardly made any money from those ads or links but once I accidentally ended up making $200+ from one affiliate link. This got me greedy, and I started to think I can become a professional blogger. I cleaned up my personal stuff from my blog and started to write with a focus of gaining views. This ended up being work and boring. Also my blog suffered negatively as my friends stopped visiting it. I lost my interest too. Started to blog less often.

But this year I will re-start personal blogging. I don't have anything important to say to the world. My blog will be just for my friends & family. Also I removed all ads and affiliate links from it to remove any temptation of making money.

hotcool 10 hours ago 0 replies      
ROI (lack of) or the losing end of opportunity cost (there is something better I could be doing).
jsutton 10 hours ago 1 reply      
It seems to me that successful blog post requires either having expert knowledge of a specific domain, or an interesting take on a trending topic. It's hard for many (including myself) to break through the barrier of self-doubt if neither of those cases are obviously true.

Blogging for personal reasons is still a good option (as many would say), but why spend limited time on writing a blog post when you could be working on a side project instead?

nibs 7 hours ago 0 replies      
I ask if it is useful to others: the answer is probably no. In a group of 100 people at random, I am not the best one at breaking down complex subjects, nor the most likely to be a cultural pioneer, so the utility to others would be low. I ask if it would be useful to myself: the answer is no. I write for myself, in a way that is useful to myself, but not to others. I think the blogging provides a lot of leverage to superior writers, and is probably a wasteful distraction to the other 99%.
gravypod 10 hours ago 0 replies      
I don't think my thoughts on topics are much needed. When I feel like they are needed, I can comment on current discussion.

Blogging is just putting your opinions out as fact with no way for readers to disagree. I prefer commenting.

zinxq 8 hours ago 0 replies      
Pretty well summed up by other comments, but loss of ROI. Funny enough one of my last blog posts was the most response I've ever gotten (few hundred K readers, tweeted by O'Reilly, liked by Zuck) but it still felt "not worth it" in the end.

Now blogs are simply the place I put something if I truly write something for enjoyment where that enjoyment needs to be 100% of the reward. This does happen, but rather uncommonly (because: life).

blooberr 9 hours ago 0 replies      
I have many articles written on software management. They document my journey as a new engineering manager. I also write down what my other friends deal with as managers/tech leads. It's amazing to see what everyone has to think about and how events could possibly unfold behind every decision.

They're all sitting on my laptop, but I worry about keeping topics separate from our employers. I want to keep things classy.

If you've got suggestions how to approach this, let me know.

qwertyuiop924 10 hours ago 0 replies      
I took the plunge to writing a blog, because I like to sometimes express (really stupid) ideas in long-form, which social media is ill-suited for. Also, I hate most social media platforms. So basically the same reason Stevey's Drunken Blog Rants exists. But I am an idiot, so don't expect that kind of quality content. If you're insane, or curious as to how many bad ideas a bored, slight knowledgeable hobbyist can come up with, it's at qwertyuiop924.wordpress.com
ddavidn 10 hours ago 0 replies      
I've got a lot of blog post outlines saved, and I'm no longer so worried about posting something to the internet and receiving critique. However, no matter how good my intentions are, I always find something 'more important' to do with 2-3 hours on a weekend. E.g. sleeping, extra work via side projects or freelancing. I just need to find a way to break it down into half-hour blocks of time, or to lock myself in my office for a few hours on a Saturday night.
sixo 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Most of what I have to say, I haven't thought through enough to commit to the internet permanently. When I was a little younger I was willing to put anything out there, but not anymore. So I prefer a transient medium.

The other thing is that that there a handful of disjoint subjects that I might like to blog about: a hobby (that I do have a nascent blog for), things learned in tech, etc. But they don't have much to do with each other, and putting them all in the same place feels silly.

CM30 10 hours ago 0 replies      
Personally or 'professionally'?

I've ran various news sites in the past, and I'm working on one now, if that counts as blogging.

But I don't run a personal blog. Why? Because I don't see the point. Anything related to gaming or tech is already discussed on my existing sites and social media accounts. My personal life is kind of boring by comparison, so no one would want to read about it. And anything political goes on Medium or some other such platform instead.

bahmutov 9 hours ago 0 replies      
I blog at https://glebbahmutov.com/blog/ as a reminder to myself how some problems are solved. Now people at work, especially new hires, comment how 50% of my communication or answering questions are just links to the blog posts.
zghst 10 hours ago 0 replies      
I always change my mind and partial fear of others judging me or me evolving way beyond my previous viewpoint.
chatmasta 9 hours ago 0 replies      
Would you rather be Tom Brady, or Al Michaels?

Players play the game. Commentators talk about it.

J_Darnley 10 hours ago 1 reply      
I have nothing of substance to say
jakegarelick 10 hours ago 1 reply      
Why do you blog?
DiversityinSV 6 hours ago 2 replies      
I'm not sufficiently white to qualify for a Medium account to tell everyone how I quit my 6-figure paying job at McKinsey, after graduating at Wharton, and my college roommate who graduated in finance gave me $5MM in seed money to start my new photo sharing app, so you can do it too'
Why does HN allow duplicate submissions?
5 points by FjolsvithAase  2 days ago   7 comments top 4
dang 23 hours ago 0 replies      
HN allows duplicate submissions of stories that haven't had significant attention in about a year. We want good stories to have multiple chances at making the front page.

Our goal is to optimize the front page for the best stories, and it's fairly random whether or not a good story gets traction the first time it's posted. If we were anal about disallowing reposts, sure we'd get a more deduplicated submission history, but we'd also end up with a poorer front page. Bad trade.

There are things we're working on to reduce the number of duplicates that are appearing. The problem is trickier than it seems, but we'll get there.

tedmiston 1 day ago 1 reply      
I think it's because one person might come up with a more convincing headline than another that causes the post to take off here. If that's the case, the first one to submit shouldn't always win. Also, if multiple threads on the same topic take off at about the same time, mods sometimes merge the two.
thomasdd 1 day ago 0 replies      
Good point, I also noticed URLS that have been already discused, submited again, after couple of weeks. Some duplicity check, would be helpful.
DrScump 1 day ago 2 replies      
It's getting worse every day and will continue to worsen until submitters start losing points for submitting dupes.
       cached 8 March 2016 05:05:02 GMT